Woman not worried about UTIs

What Are Urinary Tract Infections and How Are They Treated?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are extremely common in the US adult population. According to research, UTIs are the most common outpatient infections in the country, primarily affecting women.

While adult women are at higher risk of contracting UTIs, the condition affects men and children as well. Let’s take a closer look at these infections and their treatments.

What Is a UTI?

A UTI afflicts the urinary system, which comprises the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. It’s usually caused by bacteria, although some UTIs occur due to fungi and viruses. When experiencing a UTI, microbes enter the urinary system through urine. They may irritate the urethra and bladder lining, cause pain and itchiness in the pelvic or rectal area, and affect urination.

A person experiencing a bladder-specific UTI is likely to have a burning sensation while urinating. They may also feel the need to urinate more frequently or notice blood in their urine. In the case of a kidney-specific UTI, they may experience a fever, nausea and vomiting, and lower back pain.

Treating UTIs

Individuals with mild symptoms often resort to home remedies, such as cranberry juice. While cranberries don’t cure a UTI, the proanthocyanidins present in them help prevent bacteria from sticking to the bladder lining. This makes it easier to flush an infection out of the body and reduce its duration. Cranberry juice is considered an effective preventive measure as well.

If your symptoms persist for more than a few days, you need medical treatment via antibiotics (or antivirals and antifungals). Your physician will prescribe an antibiotic course, depending on your condition. Most people need oral antibiotics, especially in the case of lower tract infections. In more severe cases, you may need intravenous antibiotics.

How Are UTIs Diagnosed?

UTIs are usually diagnosed via urinalysis or urine culture. Your physician will prescribe a treatment based on the results. If the treatment doesn’t work or you have recurring UTIs, you may be required to get additional tests done. These include CT scans, ultrasounds, and cystoscopy.

A middle-aged man without a UTI

Find a Urologist Near You

If you’re experiencing a UTI, reach out to a urologist in Webster, TX, as soon as possible.

At Houston Physicians’ Hospital, you’ll find a highly qualified team of urologists who can treat various urological conditions and provide urogynecological care. We also offer joint pain treatments, Hip Replacement Surgery Houston, and tremor treatments.

Visit our website to learn more about our specialty hospital and to find a doctor who’s right for you.