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Prostate Cancer: Causes and Risk Factors

Prostate cancer is among the most common cancer types. According to statistics, one in eight men is diagnosed with the disease. Experts have predicted more than 268,400 new cases in the US for 2022 alone.

While the cancer is confined to the prostate gland and may require minimal treatment in many cases, other instances can be more severe. The cancer may be aggressive, spread to other body parts, and cause severe symptoms. Here’s what you need to know about the condition:

What Are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

One of the reasons prostate cancer often gets diagnosed late is because patients don’t experience any signs during the initial stages. Once the cancer becomes more advanced, individuals reportedly encounter the following:

  • Urination problems
  • Blood in semen and urine
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Bone pain
  • Weight loss

Who’s at Risk of Prostate Cancer?

Medical research hasn’t yet discovered the exact causes of prostate cancer. However, there are several risk factors associated with the disease.


Prostate cancer is more common among older adults, affecting mostly men over the age of 50. While men in their 30s or 40s may also get prostate cancer, the chances of this happening are less likely. Reportedly, most cases of prostate cancer are found in men older than 65.


Prostate cancer has also been found to be more common among men of African American ancestry. It’s also more common among non-Hispanic white individuals than Latino or Asian American individuals. However, the reasons for these racial differences are unclear and more research is required.

African Americans suffer from prostate cancer at a higher rate

Family History

Genetics also play a role in the onset of prostate cancer. People with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the disease. The risk is comparatively lower in men who don’t have a family history of the disease.


Finally, individuals who are overweight or obese are at a greater risk of developing prostate cancer. While a lot more research needs to be done on this to make conclusive claims, studies have shown that individuals with a healthy weight are less likely to get prostate cancer. They’ve also shown that the cancer may be more aggressive among obese individuals.

Find a Urologist Near You

If you’re at a higher risk for prostate cancer or have been experiencing any of the symptoms discussed above, find a urologist in Webster, TX, as soon as possible. The faster you get treated, the more promising your prognosis will be. Also, all men over the age of 50 should get a prostate exam every year as part of their preventive health program.

At Houston Physicians’ Hospital, you’ll find a highly qualified team of urologists who treat prostate cancer and other urological conditions. We also offer joint pain treatments, Hip Replacement Houston, and tremor treatments.

Visit our website to learn more about our specialty hospital and to find a doctor who’s right for you.