Hospital Main Number

Causes and Treatments of Dizziness and Vertigo

a young man experiencing dizziness holding on to a rail on a bridge

Dizziness and vertigo are common yet complex symptoms affecting millions of Americans for various reasons. They are the reason for many healthcare visits each year.

These symptoms, often used interchangeably but distinct in medical terms, can arise from a variety of causes and can significantly impact daily life.

This blog aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the causes and treatments of dizziness and vertigo. We’ll offer insights into how these conditions are diagnosed and managed effectively.

By understanding the underlying mechanisms and available treatment options, patients can better navigate these often debilitating experiences with the support of their healthcare providers.

1. Understanding Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness is a broad term that describes a range of sensations like lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or wooziness. Vertigo, a subtype of dizziness, is the sensation of spinning or moving when one is stationary.

It’s important to differentiate between general dizziness and vertigo because it helps in identifying the underlying cause.

Vertigo often originates from issues within the inner ear (which plays a key role in maintaining balance). Conditions like benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and vestibular neuritis are common inner ear-related causes of vertigo.

On the other hand, dizziness can have a variety of causes, including low blood pressure, dehydration, medication side effects, or more serious conditions, like a stroke or heart disease.

Understanding the specific characteristics of your dizziness or vertigo (e.g., what triggers it, how long it lasts, and any accompanying symptoms) is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.

2. Causes of Dizziness and Vertigo

Several conditions can trigger dizziness and vertigo:

  • BPPV:This condition occurs when tiny crystals in the inner ear become dislodged and move into the ear canals. The outcome is brief but intense episodes of vertigo (especially with changes in head position).
  • Ménière’s Disease:Characterized by episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus, this condition is thought to be caused by fluid buildup in the inner ear.
  • Vestibular Neuritis: This is essentially inflammation of the vestibular nerve. It often follows a viral infection and can lead to prolonged vertigo.

Other causes include migraines, head injuries, ear infections, and, in rare cases, neurological disorders.

3. Diagnosing Dizziness and Vertigo

a doctor speaking with a patient

Proper diagnosis often involves a comprehensive evaluation, including a detailed medical history analysis, physical examination, and potentially a series of tests.

These tests may include hearing exams, balance tests, blood pressure measurements, and imaging tests like MRI or CT scans.

In some cases, specialized tests to assess the function of the inner ear and brain may be necessary. A thorough evaluation is essential in pinpointing the exact cause of dizziness or vertigo. It ultimately allows for an effective treatment plan.

4. Treatment Options for Dizziness and Vertigo

Treatment for dizziness and vertigo varies based on the underlying cause:

  • BPPV:This is often treated with maneuvers that reposition the dislodged crystals in the inner ear.
  • Ménière’s Disease:Treatment may include dietary changes, medication to control fluid retention, and surgery (only in severe cases).
  • Vestibular Rehabilitation:This is a form of physical therapy aimed at strengthening the vestibular system and improving balance.

Medication to reduce the symptoms of dizziness or vertigo can be helpful in some cases. However, addressing the root cause is vital for long-term relief.

Recommended Treatment: Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT)

5. Living With Dizziness and Vertigo

Living with chronic dizziness or vertigo can impact your quality of life.

It’s important to:

  • Understand your triggers and learn strategies to cope with them.
  • Ensure a safe environment to prevent falls.
  • Stay hydrated and maintain a healthy diet.
  • Practice vestibular exercises if recommended by your healthcare provider.

Houston Physicians’ Hospital: Comprehensive Care for Dizziness and Vertigo

At Houston Physicians’ Hospital, we understand the complexities of dizziness and vertigo. Our team of otolaryngologists (ear, nose and throat (ENT) physicians) offers comprehensive care ranging from accurate diagnosis to personalized treatment plans. We utilize the latest diagnostic technologies and treatment modalities to ensure our patients receive the highest quality of care.

Whether you’re experiencing occasional bouts of dizziness or chronic vertigo, our ENT doctors are here to guide you through your journey to recovery. At Hospitals in Houston Texas, we’re committed to helping you regain your balance and return to your everyday activities with confidence.

Learn more about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of dizziness and vertigo and find a urologist Webster TX who’s right for you at the bottom of this page.

We also specialize in joint pain treatment, general surgery, spine solutions, back surgery, hip replacement surgery, knee surgery, neck pain treatment, medical imaging, physical therapy services, arthritis treatment, and more.